This article, "Cicero Teaches Dictation: Lessons From Ancient Rome", is intended for physicians, residents, interns, medical students, nurses, and physician assistants.
|DO YOU MEAN ... ?||OR DO YOU MEAN ... ?|
|adduction - movement of a body part toward the median plane||abduction - movement of a body part away from the median plane|
|AV - arteriovenous||AV - atrioventricular (sometimes difficult to tell from context)|
|ascitic - containing ascites, serous fluid in the abdominal cavity||ascetic - one who believes in minimal comforts; acidic - containing acid|
|Avacor - OTC hair restorer||Advicor - niacin/lovastatin|
|Avelox - moxifloxacin hydrochloride, quinolone antibiotic||Aveloz - unproven cancer drug|
|Bright Eyes eyedrops for cataracts||Brite Eyes III lubricant|
|cardia - portion of stomach||Cartia - diltiazem (U.S.), aspirin (Australia)|
|carotid - artery||parotid - gland|
|cecal - of the cecum||thecal, fecal|
|Ceftin||Cefotan or other "cef" drugs|
|Celebrex - NSAID||Cerebyx - anticonvulsant|
|cirrhosis - replacement of normal tissue with fibrotic tissue||xerosis - dry skin. Also see sclerosis/sclerosus, below.|
|CNS - central nervous system||C&S - culture and sensitivity|
|CVA - cerebrovascular accident||CVA - costovertebral angle|
|cystotome - used in cutting the urinary bladder, gallbladder, or lens||cystitome - some people prefer this spelling for cases involving the eye|
|Desyrel - antidepressant||Desferal - for iron toxicity|
|disk, disc - some people prefer "disk" for the spine, "disc" for the eye ...||disk, disc - a matter of personal preference|
|Ditropan - GU smooth muscle relaxant||Diprivan - propofol|
|Durasal - salicylic acid 26% for wart removal, not FDA approved||Durezol - difluprednate ophthalmic emulsion;
Durasul - wear-resistant polyethylene material used in knee implants
|dysphagia - inability to eat||dysphasia - inability to speak|
|ebonation - to remove bone fragments from a wound||eburnation - conversion of bone to an ivory-like mass|
|enterocleisis - occlusion of the lumen of the alimentary canal||enteroclysis - high enema|
|enterostomy - abdominal wall fistula||antrostomy - formation of permanent opening into a bony cavity|
|Estrace - hormone replacement therapy||esterase - class of enzyme|
|Fastin - phentermine; discontinued||Fastin - OTC appetite suppressant product manufactured by Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals|
|Feldene - NSAID||Seldane - now discontinued|
|H&P - history and physical||HNP - herniated nucleus pulposus|
|hyper- too much||hypo- too little|
|I&D - incision and drainage||I&D - irrigation and debridement|
|ilium - iliac bone in the hip||ileum - third portion of the small intestine|
|in-stent - within a stent||instant - immediate|
|LASIK - laser in-situ keratomileusis||LASEK - laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy;
Lasix - furosemide, a diuretic
|Lexxel - antihypertensive||Leksell - rongeur|
|mets - metastases||Metzenbaum scissors; metabolic equivalents|
|Murelax - tranquilizer||MiraLax - laxative|
|Nitrostat - nitroglycerin||nystatin - antifungal|
|OrthoTec - pedicle screw||Arthrotec - non-narcotic analgesic|
|osteal - pertaining to bone||ostial - pertaining to an opening|
|pacemaker codes||Lots of soundalikes here. DDIR can sound like DVIR.
For the meanings behind the codes, see the
pacemaker code page.
|para - near; involvement of two like parts or a pair; a departure from the norm||peri - near (the only meaning)|
|perfusion - to force blood or other fluid through tissue||profusion - a great amount|
|perineal - pertaining to the perineum||peritoneal - peritoneal (abdomen); peroneal (leg)|
|Protonix - for GI bleeding||Protonics - orthopedic instruments|
|Rasberi-K - raspberry ketones, dietary supplement||rasburicase - Elitek or Fasturtec, for leukemia, lymphoma, and solid tumors in children|
|sclerosis - hardening||sclerosus - i.e., lichen sclerosus. Also see cirrhosis/xerosis, above.|
|sitotoxin - foodborne pathogen||cytotoxin - inhibits cells from growing|
|subcu - subcutaneous||subcuticular|
|tinea - fungal infection||tenia - bandlike structure|
|TURP - transurethral resection of prostate||TERP - totally endoscopic radical prostatectomy.
I sincerely hope this abbreviation doesn't catch on.
|ureteral - pertaining to the ureters||urethral - pertaining to the urethra|
|Valium - tranquilizer||thallium - used in cardiac stress testing|
|Xanax - tranquilizer||Zantac - ranitidine, for gastric ulcers|
About the author: Elizabeth Dearborn is a medical transcriptionist and webmaster.
Image of Marcus Tullius Cicero courtesy of the .
This article was posted on June 27, 2002. This page was most recently updated on September 5, 2014.
© 2001 - 2018 MeDiCaLeSe.org