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Welcome to MeDiCaLeSe, the first place to look for new and elusive medical words. By and for working medical transcriptionists. This website is updated daily, as time permits. Our database includes terms that are not found in the standard medical references, such as clinical trial acronyms, herbal remedies, products available outside the U.S., discontinued drugs, and unapproved cancer therapies.
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Continued increase in birth defect of abdominal wall
Feb. 8, 2016 -- Gastroschisis (pronounced gas-tro-SKEE-sis) is a birth defect of the abdominal wall. The baby’s intestines stick outside of the baby’s body, through a hole beside the belly button.
The baby’s intestines stick outside of the baby’s body, through a hole beside the belly button. The hole can be small or large and sometimes other organs, such as the stomach and liver, can also stick outside of the baby’s body.
Ashley was born with gastroschisis. Photo courtesy of cdc.gov.
Gastroschisis occurs early during pregnancy when the muscles that make up the baby’s abdominal wall do not form correctly. A hole occurs which allows the intestines and other organs to extend outside of the body, usually to the right side of belly button. Because the intestines are not covered in a protective sac and are exposed to the amniotic fluid, the bowel can become irritated, causing it to shorten, twist, or swell.
Soon after the baby is born, surgery will be needed to place the abdominal organs inside the baby's body and repair the abdominal wall. Even after the repair, infants with gastroschisis can have problems with feeding, digestion of food, and absorption of nutrients ...